Land Suitability Classification and Suitability Requirements of Major Crops Grown in Kerala
Land suitability assessment is a land evaluation method proposed by Food and Agriculture Organization to assess the suitability of land for agriculture uses using scientifically standard techniques. Land suitability assessment is the process of matching appropriateness of land for certain uses. Land suitability assessment is needed for preserving the quality of land for future generation. Land suitability assessment trials have been conducted across the country based on current soil and land conditions, without applying any input and land suitability requirement of major crops has been determined at regional scale. The major properties considered for establishing suitability of land assessment for agricultural use are topography, erosion, soil depth, soil texture, soil depth, nutrient status etc. Based on the assessment, the land suitability requirements of major crops of Kerala i.e., paddy, coconut, arecanut, pepper, banana, pineapple, tapioca, rubber has been established. Better economic benefits from crops without hampering the land sustainability can be achieved by cultivating crops in suitable areas.